Jackie Kennedy Andy Warhol
Find out more about Andy Warhol’s ‘Jackie Kennedy’ series, browse prints & editions for sale & view the works wanted by active buyers right now.
In 1962 Warhol began making portraits of celebrities such as Mick Jagger and Marilyn Monroe whose iconic faces, to him, were as important as that of the Mona Lisa. Then, in 1963, the United States was brought to a standstill by the assassination of President John F Kennedy. According to reports Warhol seemed unmoved by the event, however, his interest was later piqued by the images of the grief stricken Jackie Kennedy plastered across newspapers and bulletins at the time.
That same year Warhol decided to make a portfolio of Jackie prints, choosing two photographs of her wearing her pink Chanel suit before the assassination, two from the swearing in of Lyndon B Johnson and four from her husband’s funeral. In this way, Warhol’s portfolio presents a portrait of grief haunted by the spectre of past happiness. The colours tend to be muted, with greys and blues placed on top of the deep black of the photocopied image of the former first lady, her beautiful features and glamorous style frozen in time. Though she wasn’t a film star, Jackie had captured the hearts of women all over America. Warhol’s decision to focus on her face rather than that of her husband’s shows his canny instinct for picking out an icon.
As well as commenting on the repetition of images during the media frenzy around Kennedy’s death, the works also reveal Warhol’s own preoccupation with death. This theme creeps into his oeuvre in the form of skulls, guns and electric chairs. Critics have also speculated that Warhol’s Orthodox Catholic upbringing may have influenced his fascination with famous and beautiful women, elevating them to the status of saints in a modern take on the religious icon as he imbued them with colour and sometimes even gold leaf and diamond dust. In a world where newsreaders and talk show hosts commanded more power than the heads of the Catholic Church Warhol may have seen the need for a new iconography for a secular society obsessed with celebrities.
Now over 50 years after the assassination (1963) there are still generations of people who recognise Jackie’s face because of Warhol’s treatment of it. This is partly due to the fact that Warhol produced his screen prints in large editions, influenced in part by the origins of screen printing as a medium in the world of commercial art. Here, he demonstrates his knowledge that “repetition adds up to reputation.” By allowing his work to be proliferated as widely as the newspaper images of his muses, he ensured his fame and fortune would forever be allied to theirs.
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