Banksy has been inspired by the contrast between love and war throughout his career, with Bomb Hugger (Bomb Love) being one of the most moving and thought-provoking examples. Here are ten quick facts about the artwork and its message.
1. When was Bomb Hugger created?
The original Bomb Hugger mural appeared in East London in 2001 as a black-and-white stencil, a style that has become synonymous with Banksy’s name. Underneath was Banksy’s now-iconic tag. At the time, Banksy had yet to find notoriety as a street artist, but his work was beginning to get noticed. In 2003, the same stencil of Bomb Hugger appeared on the streets of Brighton and Hamburg, Germany.
2. Bomb Hugger isn’t the artwork’s only name
Originally, Banksy named the work Bomb Love. But over time, the public adopted the name Bomb Hugger instead. Bomb Love more accurately reflects the message Banksy wanted to capture in the piece, but Bomb Hugger is arguably more provocative.
3. The artwork continues Banksy’s anti-war theme
In May 2001, Banksy held an unofficial exhibition of his work in a tunnel on Rivington Street, London, following a bet with a group of friends. He produced 12 stencils for the show, each one with an anti-war message, including monkeys with guns, bombs over Big Ben, army tanks next to playing children, and a version of the now-famous Love is in the Air (Flower-Thrower). Bomb Hugger appeared two years after the show, and Banksy would continue to return to this anti-war message in later murals and prints.
4. What is the message behind Bomb Hugger?
Banksy’s mission in creating Bomb Hugger was to dispel the illusions portrayed by the media that war is a beneficial and a necessary part of democracy – the act of an innocent child hugging a missile both symbolised the apparent affection for warfare that the public was encouraged to have, and also exaggerated the contrast between peace and war. The sight of someone so vulnerable, yet so close to danger, was intended to make the viewer feel uneasy. But Bomb Hugger also has an alternative, more uplifting message: that love can conquer all and war can be overcome, or subdued, by goodness. As Banksy wrote in his 2004 book Cut It Out, “Suicide bombers just need a hug”.
Banksy has also explored the contrast between war and innocence in other works, such as Happy Choppers.
5. Bomb Hugger was reproduced for anti-war protest placards
Banksy created a set of placards on the theme of Bomb Hugger for a protest against the Iraq War in 2003 in Bristol, the artist’s hometown. Most of the placards were discarded after the event, but one was sold in 2017 for £10,000 by an auction house in Suffolk.
6. When was Bomb Hugger released as a screenprint?
The Bomb Hugger screenprints were released in 2003, also coinciding with the protests across the UK against the invasion of Iraq, Pictures on Walls, Banksy’s UK-based printing house at the time, released 750 prints in total: 150 signed, and 600 unsigned. These prints differed from the original mural in that they had a bubblegum pink background, which drew attention to the age and innocence of the little girl pictured.
7. There are many variations of Bomb Hugger
In addition to the Bomb Hugger screenprint with a pink background, Banksy has also created an original with a blue background, where the little girl is looking towards the left, instead of right. A monochrome original of Bomb Hugger depicts the girl in full length, wearing white socks and Mary Jane shoes. In 2003, Banksy also created another mural of a girl with a bomb in Brighton, featuring a little girl holding an ice cream cone with a stick of dynamite instead of a chocolate flake.
8. Bomb Hugger prints sell for thousands at auction
As one of Banksy’s earliest prints, Bomb Hugger is now highly sought-after on the secondary market. It demonstrates the clean stencil style that Banksy collectors know and love, and, as such, its value continues to grow. The current highest auction price paid for an unsigned edition of Bomb Hugger is HK$525,000 (£523,199).
9. Bomb Hugger was featured in Banksy’s 2006 book Wall and Piece
The artwork was placed alongside a caption that read, “It takes a lot of guts to stand up anonymously in a western democracy and call for things no-one else believes in – like peace and justice and freedom.”
10. Why does Banksy choose children to emphasise his messages?
Banksy has always been unafraid of tackling tough subjects head-on. Children intensifies the impact of his artwork by contrasting innocence with conflict and tragedy: in Very Little Helps, the consequences of capitalism and materialism are made more meaningful when connected to children, while in Girl With Balloon, the little girl heightens the emotions of love, loss and hope.