Happy Choppers Banksy
Find out more about Banksy’s ‘Happy Choppers’ series, browse prints & editions for sale & view the works wanted by active buyers right now.
Happy Choppers was created on the occasion of the artist’s exhibition Santa’s Ghetto, intended to draw attention to the Israel-Palestinian conflict and the poverty of the West Bank. Before being released as a screen print, Happy Choppers first appeared in 2002 as a sprayed mural in Central London at the Whitecross Street Market.
Executed in Banksy’s recognisable stencil style, Happy Choppers depicts a squadron of armed military helicopters against a bright blue sky. With simple white clouds, the sky is stylised and flat. In stark contrast, the incoming ‘choppers’ are rendered in much greater detail, in dark colours and with graphic emphasis on their heavy, threatening weaponry, evoking a sense of imminent danger. ‘Chopper’ is the American slang for helicopter, a term that was popularised during the Korean War.
The composition showcases an association of typically contradictory elements. The lead ‘chopper’ flaunts a jarring, pink bow, juxtaposing the violence of warfare with the innocence of childhood. The bow adorning the otherwise accurate representation of the fighter helicopter mocks ideas of masculinity and militarism, whilst reinforcing their inherent menace.
Happy Choppers is an early example of Banksy’s helicopter motif. He has revisited the symbol for military intervention multiple times throughout his career, making it an iconic part of his artistic identity.
It was re-used in his Crude Oil collection of paintings as Study for Happy Choppers, and was also spotted on boards in the anti-war protests of 2003 in London, alongside other works such as Grin Reaper and Wrong War. Massive Attack and Blur actively supported and promoted these images during the march, which brought Banksy a lot of publicity.
Why is Happy Choppers important?
Subverting an otherwise sinister image with a single, comic detail, Banksy encourages the viewer to consider the corruption of military regimes and government motives. The artist’s infamous criticism of militarism is also demonstrated in other works including Have a Nice Day and Golf Sale.
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