Celia Birtwell David Hockney
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While Hockney is perhaps best known for portraits of his male friends and lovers, he also dedicated a significant part of his oeuvre to painting, drawing and making prints of his long term friend Celia Birtwell. One of the most iconic textile designers in British fashion history Celia rose to fame alongside Hockney in the ’60s and ’70s when her bright colourful prints were highly in demand from fashion designers. Most famously Hockney painted Celia’s portrait with her husband, and fellow designer, Ossie Clark and their pet cat in 1971 in what is probably Hockney’s most famous double portrait, Mr and Mrs Clark and Percy.
As well as appearing in the 1976 Friends portfolio, Birtwell features heavily in the 1979 Gemini series. Throughout she is shown in various poses, often seated, often reclining, sometimes at her toilet, and other times she is pensive, seeming too preoccupied to notice the artist. Often these works tend to reference artists such as Matisse, Degas and Toulouse Lautrec, as if Hockney required the subject of a woman – the traditional gender for a muse – in order to directly converse with these masters. Speaking of his love for the designer as both friend and subject Hockney has said, “Celia has a beautiful face, a very rare face with lots of things in it which appeal to me. It shows aspects of her, like her intuitive knowledge and her kindness, which I think is the greatest virtue. To me she’s such a special person.”
By looking at the Celia prints as a group we are able to track the evolution of Hockney’s style, from the 1969 etching and aquatint, entitled simply Celia, in which she sits side on, her pregnant belly evident under a flowery gown, to the 1973 lithograph Celia Smoking. With works such as Celia in A Wicker Chair we see Hockney experimenting with colour in etching while works such as Big Celia see Hockney pushing the boundaries of lithography to create a monumental print in a painterly style that once again recalls Matisse.
Portraits of Celia can be found in many of Hockney’s later print series including Moving Focus and the Gemini G.E.L. 1979 Portfolio and she continues to be his muse, appearing in his most recent exhibition of portraits, the 2016 show at the Royal Academy, entitled 82 Portraits and 1 Still-Life.
Speaking of her experience of sitting for Hockney for the first time, Birtwell has said, “It was so tranquil but I was terrified of doing something wrong.” As she has aged, she has continued to be a model for his paintings, which has brought new hesitations. “It’s made me very wary!” She explained in an interview, “When I was young, the drawings were lovely. But as he says, we’re all getting older, so you’re going to see something that’s possibly quite, ‘Oh wow’ …”
Why is the Celia Birtwell series so important?
Hockney’s portraits of Celia Birtwell are testament to his unfailing ability to master new mediums and techniques, and to his loyalty as a friend. Here we see the master at work depicting the most intimate of subjects, a close companion aging over the years. As we follow the progression of style we are also allowed a glimpse into Hockney and Birtwell’s lives, and their enduring love for each other.
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