Jeff Koons is an American neo-pop artist who is known for his bold paintings and sculptures; artworks that explore contemporary obsessions with sex, race, gender, celebrity, media and commercial objects.
Koons made a name for himself in the mid-1980s as a modern day pop artist who turned everyday objects into immaculate sculptures (most notably Balloon Rabbit and Balloon Dog – giant renditions of an inflated balloon puppy in various colours). Using toys, inflatable’s, household items and luxury goods in his work, Koon references popular culture to explore consumerism and the human experience (- he infiltrated the heights of Pop Culture in 2013, when he designed the album cover for Lady Gaga’s ARTPOP album.) This is not only evident in his choice of subject matter but also in his visual techniques. Koon creates smooth glistening surfaces in his sculptures whilst his paintings employ bright and saturated colours.
Koon’s oeuvre has had a number of retrospectives, including those at the Whitney Museum, the Guggenheim, and the seminal Jeff Koons, the Pompidou Centre in 2015.
Mixing art, commerce and culture has not only made Koon one of the world’s most famous artists but also one of the worlds richest. On November 12, 2013, Koons’s Balloon Dog (Orange) sold at Christie’s for $58.4 million becoming the most expensive work by a living artist sold at auction.