Russian painter, Wassily Kandinsky, is regarded as the pioneer of abstract art; his most famous works include The White Dot and Composition VIII.
Born in Moscow in 1866, Kandinsky studied economics, law and ethnography before beginning his painting studies at the age of thirty. From 1901 to 1904, Kandinsky was heavily involved in the Phalanx exhibition society, making paintings and woodcuts inspired by Russian folk art (see his Tree paintings). At this time, Kandinsky already had ideas for a new form of art. This form would remove any representational aspects in order to work in a purely abstract form. Following the artist’s inner urge, abstraction would disassociate content from the object, composing paintings with abstract colours and shapes. Kandinsky set the benchmark for abstract art with his most noted series of artworks, his Compositions. Producing ten artworks in total, this style conveyed a range of emotion through a variety of lines, circles and colours – and many believe he had synesthesia.
As the founder of abstract art, Kandinsky is regarded as one of the worlds most respected artists. He has influenced an entire generation of modern artists and created a new wave of modern art collectors that continues to grow.