Gerhard Richter's 10 Most Famous Artworks

Rebecca Barry
written by Rebecca Barry,
Date of publication22 Mar 2024
Last updated25 Mar 2024
Digital print by Gerhard Richter, depicting thin horizontal stripes in various muted tones, including rust, sage green, and murky purple. The stripes create a disorienting effect.Image © Tate / Strip (921-6) © Gerhard Richter 2011
Helena Poole

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Gerhard Richter

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Gerhard Richter, a German artist born in 1932, navigates the realms of abstraction and photorealism, glasswork, and photography, resisting confinement to a singular visual style. With a foundation in the Socialist-Realist style amid a tumultuous upbringing in wartime Dresden, Richter’s defection to West Germany marked a pivotal shift towards a diverse artistic exploration. His early works, inspired by photographic imagery, set the stage for a celebrated career that spans over six decades. Richter's later ventures into abstraction and transparency further underscore his narrative-driven approach, blending storytelling with visual innovation. His contributions to art are recognised globally, solidifying his status as a 20th century icon. Here, we explore his 10 most famous artworks.

Abstract painting by Gerhard Richter, depicting overlapping, textural layers of yellow, light green, red, and deep blue. Image © Christie's / Abstraktes Bild (809-1) © Gerhard Richter 1994

Abstraktes Bild (809-1) (1994)

In Abstraktes Bild (809-1), Richter masterfully navigates colour and texture, employing a squeegee to blend and layer paint, creating a luminous, dynamic surface. This work showcases the artist’s unparalleled skill in generating depth and movement through the interplay of colours, with indigo, white, and magenta flowing across the canvas.

Recognized for his contribution to colour theory, Richter's abstract works secure his legacy as a pivotal colorist in late 20th-century art, drawing admiration for both the visual experience and the technical prowess it embodies.



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Mund (1963)

Capturing an intimate fragment of Brigitte Bardot's iconic allure, Richter’s oil painting Mund (Mouth) focuses solely on the actress’ lips. This piece by Richter distils the era's fascination with celebrity, sexuality, and the commercialisation of desire, reflecting on the mass culture's impact through a suggestive portrayal. Utilising a blend of photorealism and abstract techniques, Richter blurs the boundaries between the tangible and the intangible, inviting a contemplation on the nature of image consumption and the elusive essence of beauty.

Painting by Gerhard Richter, depicting 1024 evenly sized squares, in varying shades of grey, yellow, red, blue, orange, green and black.Image © Christie's / 1024 Farben © Gerhard Richter 1974

1024 Farben (1974)

1024 Farben by Richter is a key piece from his Colour Chart series, embodying a systematic exploration of colour relations through a grid of 1024 individually coloured squares. Departing from photographic representation, Richter delves into painting's core components, using a random process for colour placement to achieve a non-figurative effect. Richter's neat arrangement of coloured squares are evocative of paint colour strips found at hardware shops, however the artist has positioned the squares in an ungrouped arrangement.

This work, influenced by Modernist principles and artists like Hans Arp and Piet Mondrian, showcases Richter's engagement with colour theory and the potential of systematic randomness, reflecting a profound investigation into the possibilities of colour and perception in art.

Photorealist painting by Gerhard Richter, depicting the sea in murky green against a bright white and blue sky.Image © Christie's / Seestück © Gerhard Richter 1998

Seestück (1998)

In his 1998 painting Seestück (Seascape), Richter employs a technique reminiscent of 19th-century photography, merging two negatives to create a seamless yet subtly disconcerting image where the clouds are inverted. This manipulation challenges our perceptions, blurring the lines between the real and the constructed, and invoking a reflective consideration on the nature of image-making. While aesthetically akin to photographic flatness, the artwork engages with the limits of perception and representation. Nodding to the atmospheric landscapes of German Romanticism, Seestück is reminiscent of Caspar David Friedrich's work.

Digital print by Gerhard Richter, depicting thin horizontal stripes in various muted tones, including rust, sage green, and murky purple. The stripes create a disorienting effect.Image © Tate / Strip (921-6) © Gerhard Richter 2011

Strip (921-6) (2011)

Strip (921-6) is a digital print by Richter, exemplifying the expansion of the concept of painting in the digital era. This artwork derives from Richter's Abstract Painting, 724-4, a squeegee painting known for its depth and colour.

To create Strip (921-6), Richter digitised Abstract Painting, 724-4. He then dissected and stretched it into thin horizontal strips, laminating the digital prints onto aluminium behind Perspex. This method parallels his Colour Charts series' mathematical processes, showcasing a reinterpretation of his work as source material, challenging traditional textures, and exploring painting's possibilities through digital means.

Painting by Gerhard Richter, featuring a cloudscape in muted blue and yellow, divided into four panels, resembling a window view.Image © Sotheby's / Wolken (Fenster) © Gerhard Richter 1970

Wolken (Fenster) (1970)

Wolken (Fenster) (Clouds (Window)) is a monumental painting by Richter, showcasing a cloudscape divided into four panels, creating the illusion of a vast windowed view. This artwork embodies the splendour of dusk skies through a palette of radiant golds, deep azures, and soft ivories.

Richter's mastery in blending photorealism with abstraction is evident as he evokes the awe-inspiring qualities of nature while also engaging in a profound discourse on the complexity of perception and the constructedness of images. Reflecting on German Romantic traditions, Richter transcends conventional image-making, inviting viewers to ponder the realms of reality and fiction.


Betty (1988)

Betty stands as a celebrated example of Richter’s photorealistic technique, capturing his daughter in a moment of introspection as she turns away from the viewer. The work distinguishes itself from traditional photographic representation, emphasising the gap between the immediacy of photography and the contemplative process of painting. This iconic piece skillfully navigates the boundary between image and reality, showcasing Richter's mastery over the medium and his deep engagement with the nuances of visual perception.

Painting by Gerhard Richter resembling a blurry photograph of an ivory coloured lit stick candle, standing against a green hued background.Image © Christie's / Kerze © Gerhard Richter 1982

Kerze (1982)

Richter's 1982 masterpiece Kerze (Candle) illuminates his exploration into the essence and transience of light and life, embodying a meditative contemplation that transcends its simple subject. This work, part of a series that Richter embarked on during a period of intense innovation, represents a significant evolution in his artistic journey.

Through the candle's ephemeral glow, Richter navigates the realms of memory, silence, and the cyclical nature of existence, employing his signature blurred technique to obscure the boundaries between the tangible and the abstract, inviting viewers into a moment of introspection and tranquillity. This painting, celebrated for its technical prowess and profound thematic depth, stands as a testament to Richter's enduring fascination with the interplay of light, shadow, and colour, securing its place among the most iconic works of his oeuvre.


Cologne Cathedral Window

Richter's Cathedral Window, completed in 2007 for Cologne Cathedral, incorporates around 11,500 squares of glass in 72 vibrant colours, carefully arranged both randomly and with intention to resonate with the architectural context.

Inspired by his earlier work 4096 Colours, this piece showcases Richter's innovative fusion of art and architecture. Corinna Belz's documentary, titled Das Kölner Domfenster, sheds light on the creative and collaborative journey behind this project, providing an in-depth exploration of the artist's process and vision.

Photorealist painting by Gerhard Richter, depicting the shimmering waters which are a gateway to Venice. The warm glow of twilight from the sky is reflected in the blue water.Image © Christie's / Venedig (Insel) © Gerhard Richter 1985

Venice (1985)

Gerhard Richter's Venedig (Insel) (Venice (Island)) features prominently on his first Catalogue Raisonné cover, heralding its significance. This work, part of a series capturing Venice's essence, melds photorealism with a commentary on the medium of painting. Amidst Richter's exploration between photorealism and abstraction, Venedig (Insel) stands as a photorealistic zenith before evolving into abstraction, illustrating Richter's nuanced dialogue between reality and representation.

Helena Poole

Helena Poole, Specialist[email protected]

Interested in buying or selling
Gerhard Richter?

Browse artworks
Gerhard Richter

Gerhard Richter

140 works

Buy and sell artworks