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Banksy's Pulp Fiction reimagines a scene from Quentin Tarantino's cult classic by the same name. Banksy depicts John Travolta and Samuel L. Jackson in bold monochrome, punctuated by the yellow bananas they wield instead of guns. The series is a playful look at the cultish nature of film and art.

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Meaning & Analysis

A visual reference to Quentin Tarantino's eponymous film, Banksy's Pulp Fiction features actors John Travolta and Samuel L. Jackson wielding bright yellow bananas. A doctored version of an iconic scene, in which characters Vincent and Jules shoot down an aggressor, the work comprises white, stencilled sections of paint arranged on a black background. The image first appeared in 2002 as an in situ stencil work, painted close to London's Old Street tube station

The original mural was visible until 2007, when Transport for London painted over it. They did this on the grounds that the mural could contribute to an atmosphere of social decay and neglect in the English capital, ignoring the fact that the well-known image drew countless art fans and tourists to the local area. When the mural was covered, a local artist sprayed-painted the words “Come Back” - addressed to Banksy himself - in its place. Loath to refuse his fans' wishes, Banksy then repainted a version of the work in exactly the same place. In a playful inversion of the original work, this time the Pulp Fiction characters held real pistols and wore banana costumes.

In January 2007, the late graffiti artist Ozone wrote over the new piece with the words “If it's better next time I'll leave it”. The 19-year-old artist tragically passed away a few days later, along with fellow artist Wants, after both were hit by an underground train in Barking, East London.

Banksy created another piece to cover his original Pulp Fiction mural. Depicting an angel wearing a bulletproof vest and holding a skull in his right hand, this new work was painted in tribute to the two young graffiti artists. To accompany the work, Banksy posted a note on his website that read “When we lost Ozone we lost a fearless graffiti writer and as it turns out a pretty perceptive art critic. Ozone – rest in peace”. The tribute mural was quickly referred to as “Ozone's Angel”. Subsequently, Banksy's original Pulp Fiction mural became even more popular, and began to be mass-reproduced as commercial merchandising.

10 Facts About Banksy's Pulp Fiction

Pulp Fiction by Banksy - © Bruce'sArtCollection

"banksy-graffiti-street-art-pulp-fiction" © Bruce'sArtCollection / Pulp Fiction © Banksy 2002

1. Where and when did Banksy create Pulp Fiction?

Banksy’s Pulp Fiction first appeared near London’s Old Street underground station in 2002. It was one of his earliest stencil murals. Previously, Banksy preferred working freehand, but an incident hiding from the police made him realise “I had to cut my painting time in half or give up altogether. I was staring straight up at the stencilled plate on the bottom of a fuel tank when I realised I could just copy that style,” he wrote in his book Wall and Piece.

2. What was Banksy’s inspiration for Pulp Fiction?

Banksy’s Pulp Fiction depicts an iconic scene from American director Quentin Tarantino’s 1994 film of the same name. The movie still shows the lead characters, played by actors Samuel L. Jackson and John Travolta, pointing firearms at an off-screen character. Banky’s adaptation shows the characters pointing bright yellow bananas.

3. But Pulp Fiction alludes to many pop culture references

Perhaps the most obvious other cultural reference is the Monty Python skit, titled “Self-Defence Against Fresh Fruit”, from the comedy troupe’s TV show Monty Python’s Flying Circus as well as their film And Now For Something Completely Different. The scene features a character, played by John Cleese, teaching a class how to defend themselves against a “man armed with a banana”. At the end of the scene, the student posing as the attacker is shot by Cleese using a real gun.

The comparison between the Pulp Fiction movie and the Monty Python banana skit in Banksy’s artwork highlights the ridiculousness of unnecessary violence, and how accustomed we have become to seeing it on television and cinema.

The Velvet Underground & Nico Cover by Andy Warhol - © oddsock

“the velvet underground & nico 1967” © oddsock / The Velvet Underground & Nico Cover © Andy Warhol 1966

4. Andy Warhol may also have influenced Banksy

Warhol’s stencil-like silkscreen technique, and his banana for The Velvet Underground & Nico album cover in 1966, could have both been an inspiration for Banksy. But the banana in Pulp Fiction might also have been Banksy’s reference to his own work, as he often uses monkeys to shine a light on human folly.

Pulp Fiction by Banksy - MyArtBroker

Pulp Fiction © Banksy 2004

5. What happened to Banksy’s Pulp Fiction mural?

In 2007, Transport For London painted over Banksy’s original Pulp Fiction mural, citing that graffiti “an atmosphere of social decay”. This is an ironic stance given that Banksy has replaced the original guns with fruit. Despite the artwork being painted over, the image can still be seen through Banksy’s print series of the same name – not to mention the numerous t-shirts and merchandise created by bootleggers.

Pulp Fiction (Reworked) by Banksy

6. Banksy made a second version of Pulp Fiction

The mural’s removal triggered a reaction from a local artist, who spray-painted the words “Come Back” in the space where Pulp Fiction had been. Banksy responded to the artist (and perhaps Transport for London too) by painting a second version of Pulp Fiction on top. This time, the image showed Tarantino’s characters wearing banana suits and pointing real guns.

OZONE's Angel by Banksy

“Banksy – OZONE’s Angel” by vandalog / OZONE's Angel @ Banksy

7. Pulp Fiction (Version 2) was tagged by the late graffiti artist Ozone

Not long after Pulp Fiction (version 2) appeared, graffiti artist Ozone tagged his name on top of Banksy’s work, along with the words “If it’s better next time I’ll leave it”. Tragically, just two days later, Ozone was killed by a London Underground train. Banksy painted over his Pulp Fiction mural with a tribute to Ozone, showing an angel wearing a bulletproof vest, holding a skull wearing a cap. He said: “When we lost Ozone we lost a fearless graffiti writer and as it turns out a pretty perceptive art critic.”

Pest Control

8. When did Banksy release Pulp Fiction screen prints?

Banksy released screen prints of Pulp Fiction in 2004, two years after the original mural was created, in 150 signed and 600 unsigned editions, along with 8 artist’s proofs.

Pulp Fiction by Banksy

9. What is the most expensive Pulp Fiction print at auction?

The current auction record price for Banksy’s Pulp Fiction is £159,900 (including fees), paid for a signed edition of the print in March 2021. In 2012, the original stencil for Pulp Fiction sold for £10,600.

Love Is In The Air (flower thrower) by Banksy - MyArtBroker

Love Is In The Air (flower thrower) © Banksy 2003

10. Pulp Fiction is not Banksy’s only anti-violence artwork

Banksy made anti-violence statements in his later murals and prints, including Love Is In The Air (flower thrower), in 2003 in Bethlehem, shortly after the West Bank Wall was constructed. The image shows a man poised to throw a grenade but, as with Pulp Fiction, the weapon is replaced with a non-violent object – in this case, a bunch of flowers.