Studies Of A Male Back

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Three Studies Of A Male Back

Francis Bacon

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Critical Review

Entitled Three Studies Of A Male Back, this collection of prints from Irish-born British painter Francis Bacon affords an in-depth view of a 1970 oil-on-canvas triptych of the same name. Each print constitutes a lithograph copy of a single panel from this tri-partite painting, which portrays the body of Bacon’s onetime lover and muse, George Dyer. Every panel – and print – places the male form at its centre. Housed within a cage-like construction (a framing device typical of many Bacon triptychs) and facing away from the viewer, the paintings show a contorted, humanoid figure, seated on a swivel stool and staring into a mirror. Much like the artist’s Bull Fight collection, which features prints including Study For Bullfight (right panel) (1980) and Study For Bullfight (centre panel) (1990), this collection stands at the intersection of the human and the animal.

In both Three Studies Of A Male Back (left panel) (1987) and Three Studies Of A Male Back (right panel) (1987), the mirror beams a distorted snapshot of the figure’s head back towards the viewer. An echo of the deconstructive approach of Bacon’s Portraits collection, a particularly visceral human head is gesturally depicted with broad strokes of thickly applied red, white, and black hues. In Three Studies Of A Male Back (centre panel) (1987), the human body re-appears in an almost non-human manifestation; melting away into a fluid-like assemblage of curved lines and ellipses, Dyer’s spine appears to fuse with geometric lines that stand proudly above a hard-edged blue horizon.

This collection showcases George Dyer – a career criminal from London’s East End and Bacon’s muse – and outlines his importance to the artist’s wider œuvre. The pair first met in 1963, but as a much-mythologised story dictates, it is unknown where this meeting took place. Some say the duo first crossed paths in a Soho drinking hole, the kind Bacon often frequented, whilst others say they first met eyes in Bacon’s flat when Dyer decided to burgle it. The latter episode, immortalised by the 1998 film, Love Is The Devil: Study for a Portrait of Francis Bacon, is now widely denounced as false. Yet this does little to undermine the significance of the pair’s relationship – and interdependence – nor the string of paintings it produced. Whether Dean Street’s Colony Room Club (a haunt of YBAs Tracey Emin and Damien Hirst, amongst many others), the Coach and Horses on Greek Street, or the landing of Bacon’s house, the pair’s first meeting place is irrelevant. What is sure – and as this painting highlights – is that their personal and romantic relationship went on to become a defining feature of Bacon’s life and work.

Why is The Three Studies Of A Male Back so important?

This collection is a standout example of Irish-born painter Francis Bacon’s unique approach to the human form. Reemphasising the centrality of George Dyer to Bacon’s painting, the collection is also testament to the strength of Bacon’s practice during the early 1970s. Completed prior to George Dyer’s tragic death in 1971, the triptych at its heart constitutes an important milestone in Bacon’s artistic development, and foretells of Bacon’s move towards portraiture.

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