Pablo Picasso was a Spanish artist who transformed modern art. A painter, sculptor, etcher, lithographer, ceramist and designer, he is regarded as one of the most influential (and versatile) artists of the 20th century.
Pablo Picasso’s lengthy career can be split into several periods, most notably: the Blue Period, Cubism and Surrealism. During the Blue Period, Picasso painted pictures of beggars and sad-faced women – all using only blue tones. In 1907, Picasso and fellow artist Georges Braque pioneered Cubism. During this time Picasso painted one of his most famous paintings, the monumental Les Demoiselles d’Avignon – a scene featuring five prostitutes, painted with distorted, angular forms. Revolutionary in style, this painting set the tone for the Cubist aesthetic. In the 1920’s, as Picasso’s friendship with Surrealist André Breton developed, so too did his artistic style. Inspired by Breton, Picasso created the surrealist works The Dream and Lie of Franco and the mural Guernica (another of his most famous works) as a reaction to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War.
From the 1940s through to the 1960s, Picasso continued to paint – creating ceramics and experimenting with printmaking. He gained international fame, holding retrospectives in New York, Paris, Madrid, Abu Dhabi, London and Tokyo. His artworks, which number over 20,000, transcend realism and abstraction, Cubism, Neoclassicism, Surrealism, and Expressionism, making him one of the most innovative artists to ever live and hangs on the walls of every famous museum (and a few lucky collectors).